APJ ABDUL KALAM. RIP.
Mohan Guruswamy is Chairman and founder of Centre for Policy Alternatives, New Delhi, India. He has over three decades of experience in government, industry and academia. He can be contacted at mohanguru[at].
APJ Abdul Kalam had little in common with his predecessors. He did not have the educational attainments of Radhakrishnan, Zakir Hussain and Sharma who were genuine PhD’s from top-notch institutions. Kalam just had an engineering degree from Madras University. He did not have the political training of Presidents like Rajendra Prasad, VV Giri and Pranab Mukherjee, whose political and constitutional understanding was tested in politically uncertain times. His entire professional lifetime was spent in the Defence Research and Development Organization. The DRDO has not exactly distinguished itself in any great way. The sum of its failures is far greater than its achievements. Some its failures are most notable. The Arjun main battle tank is still bumbling along. The nuclear submarine project delivered some decades too late still faces uncertainty. The Light Combat Aircraft is just the late combat aircraft; so late that it will be obsolete when it enters service in the next decade. Even the 5.56 mm basic infantry combat weapon is a bit of a dud, requiring the frequent import of AK-47 rifles, much to the delight of Delhi’s arms agents.
Kalam had earned a reputation as the father of India’s missile program. That might be so, but the offspring are nothing worth writing home about. Our missile program is so far behind times that even the North Koreans, a woebegone and desolate country where people still die of starvation, are ahead of us. Like the Pakistanis even we would have been better off buying North Korean missiles like the Nodong (Pak name Ghauri) like the Pakistanis have. Many also credit Kalam as the being the father of India’s nuclear weapons program. That program has, mercifully, had little to do with the DRDO and is almost entire an Atomic Energy Commission show.
What then was Kalam’s kamaal? Clearly Kalam is no Werner von Braun who designed the Nazi V-1 and V-2 rockets and then led America’s manned flight foray into space with Alan Shepard’s sub-orbital fight. He most certainly is no Kurchatkov who pioneered the Soviet Unions nuclear weapons program. But yet he is clearly among the best of Presidents we have had.
There is much that is admirable about Kalam. He was honest to the core. He was erudite. He knew Sanskrit. He translated the Thirukural from Tamil into English. He was a nationalist with few peers. He only lived for India. He was also a bachelor and so with no offspring like Zail Singh’s grandson who shot pigeons in the Rashtrapati Bhavan or Venkatraman’s NRI daughter who plonked herself there to collect money for her NGO or like Shankar Dayal Sharma’s grandson, Manu Sharma who stands convicted of murdering Jessica Lal. He had no foster family either who might cause him even greater embarrassment.
But for a modest man, with mostly modest achievements, APJ Abdul Kalam captured the imagination of young people like no President did before. He made us believe in ourselves and think the sky was never too high. He dreamed of things that never were and wondered why not? As a nation we came up short, but that did not deter Kalam. He made it his life mission to exhort the young to greatness. India’s young will miss him.